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Alan Merrill of The Arrows
The son of Jazz musicians Aaron Sachs and Helen Merrill, Alan moved from New York to Japan when he was still a teenager, becoming the first foreign pop star residing in Japan to break out in that country, both as a solo artist and with his group Vodka Collins. Moving to England, he formed The Arrows, who wrote and recorded "I Love Rock and Roll," got their own TV show, then quickly faded away. This is a story about Glam Rock, cultural differences in music, and what shot down The Arrows.

Carl Wiser (SF): How did "I Love Rock and Roll" come about?

Alan Merrill: That was a knee-jerk response to the Rolling Stones' "It's Only Rock 'N' Roll." I remember watching it on Top of the Pops. I'd met Mick Jagger socially a few times, and I knew he was hanging around with Prince Rupert Lowenstein and people like that - jet setters. I almost felt like "It's Only Rock and Roll" was an apology to those jet-set princes and princesses that he was hanging around with - the aristocracy, you know. That was my interpretation as a young man: Okay, I love rock and roll. And then, where do you go with that? You have to write a three-chord song with a lick that people remember, and it has to build. So I had the chorus, which to me sounded like a hit. And I thought, I'll do something really unusual. I'll write it that this is a song separate from the verse. So the actual chorus is something that's coming out of a jukebox, and the two kids in the disco who are flirting are hearing this song that's a hit. It felt like the Twilight Zone. I was so sure "I Love Rock and Roll" was gonna be a hit for the Arrows that I thought, Well, when we have a hit with it, it's gonna be a hit within a hit. A fictional hit coming out of the chorus with the kids singing it as their favorite song in the verse of the song. Follow?

SF: Yep.

Alan: Okay. So when it actually became a huge hit for Joan Jett, my Twilight Zone concept came true. And I don't think too many people get that about the song. (laughing) You know? They just like the melody, and it's catchy. But it was actually a pretty clever stroke, one that I'm proud of.

SF: You thought this song was a hit, but clearly somebody didn't because it was a B-side.

Alan: Well, you have to consider that Mickie Most (The Arrow's producer and head of RAK Records) had also produced in the same week "You Sexy Thing" by Hot Chocolate, and he put that on a B-side with "Blue Night" on an A-side. So clearly it was his blue period, where he was really into ballads. He put "Broken Down Heart" out as our A-side, and "I Love Rock and Roll" as a B-side. But his wife coaxed him to flip our record to an A-side, which was very lucky for us - the song would not have had the life it did if it wasn't for Christina Hayes, Mickie Most's wife. We got one TV show with the 1975 A-side version of "I Love Rock and Roll." We did a TV show called 45, which ITV icon Muriel Young was producing. And Muriel thought we were so good that we should have our own TV show. As it happened, the Bay City Rollers were giving up their Shang-a-Lang show, and they were gonna target the United States. So Muriel said, "You guys are the ones who are gonna take over the Bay City Rollers' show." So "I Love Rock and Roll" got that for us. And in 1976 when Joan Jett was touring with the Runaways for the first time in England, she saw us do it on our TV show, and either she went out and got the record, or she got a roadie to get her the record, and she cut a version with the Sex Pistols a few years after we did in 1979. Didn't happen - she put it on a B-side. And then what are the odds of someone re-cutting a song? Very slim. She re-cut it in 1981 as Joan Jett and the Blackhearts, and it went #1. So the song has had an odd journey, to say the least. I was in the studio doing the Runner album when she was in with Cook and Jones from The Sex Pistols in the next room. And I didn't even know she was cutting "I Love Rock and Roll."

It's the biggest earning song for Mickie Most's RAK (Records) Publishing Division, and they have "Come Up To See Me, Make Me Smile," which was #1 in England for a long time, by Cockney Rebel, and they have "You Sexy Thing" and "Brother Louie," Hot Chocolate. But though "I Love Rock and Roll" turned out to be Mickie Most's biggest copyright, he didn't really care for the song, possibly because he had a problem with our band.

Around 1975 The Arrows changed gears. We had put three singles out, two were hits, and we were feeling our oats. That came across in the way we strutted into the office, and Mickie did not like that. He liked humility. He liked people being one of the lads. Jake Hooker (Arrows guitarist) was starting to date Lorna Luft, so he was going to all the trendy show biz film premieres and stuff. And then Paul Varley (Arrows drummer) started dating June Bolan, (T-Rex) Mark Bolan's ex-wife. And she started sort of a glaring war with Lorna Luft. The vibe was horrible in the band. You know, every time we'd go on the road or go and do our TV show, the two women would be on either side of the room pitching darts at each other with their eyes. I was single, just dating around, and I thought, This really is unnecessary. But that is what put Mickie off of the band, the pomposity. We thought our management could force his hand to put records out, but the management (The late Ian Wright, of MAM artists management) was cowed by Mickie and his partner, Peter Grant. Our manager was impotent against Mickie, and as a result we had a TV series with no records out. People would go, "They had their own TV series and they didn't have any hits." Well, you can't have any hit records if you don't have anything out. That was how Mickie told off the band for disrespecting him and taking on management when he said we shouldn't.

SF: So you managed to become a pop star in Japan and in England.

Alan: Yeah.

SF: How do the musical tastes and the cultural tastes in Japan, England, and the United States compare?
The Arrows
Alan: The first thing that struck me about Japan is how almost every song was in a minor key. And the melodies were just Japanese-ish. And if you didn't adhere to that, you would probably not have a hit. I actually had a couple of hit singles there in major keys, which is very unusual. But I think the visual of the band had a lot to do with that. The visual was very important in Japan.

SF: For a non-musician, what's a minor key versus a major key?

Alan: Minor key would be a sad sound, major key would be more uplifting. "All Day and All Of The Night," the Kinks, is major. "Play With Fire," the Rolling Stones, is a minor key, as opposed to "Honky Tonk Women" which is a major key. There's that stark difference, which just sets a mood. And the Japanese mood is one of melancholy. The British mood is sort of uplifting, singalong. And in Japan, clapping on records is considered a joke - it would be a comedy record. But in England, in order to have hits, you usually have to bring in the handclaps, at least for the chorus on an up-tempo song. The cultural differences took some adapting.

SF: What about the visuals?

Alan: Because I'd lived in Japan and in England, I saw this whole Glam thing develop. I was with Rick Derringer's band in the early '80s, and in America I saw a lot of snarling men with lipstick and eye makeup on without the camp aspect that made it work in England - you know, the tongue-in-cheek. Bands like Poison were actually trying to look tough with makeup on, and there was something lost in the translation to me. I thought, It's working for them, God bless them, but they're getting it wrong.

And the first time I'd seen a band like New Kids on the Block was a band called the Four Leaves in Japan. The Four Leaves were a boy band, choreographed and managed Svengali-like by Johnny's Productions. So I've seen a lot of similarities, but a lot of amusing differences. Like white kids like New Kids on the Block, wanting to be black, or a famous Japanese band called Carol trying to look like the early Anglo Saxon Beatles.

SF: How did you end up in Japan?

Alan: My mother had married the Vice President of UPI, Don Brydon. It was during the Vietnam/Cambodia era, and they needed a heavyweight journalist over there to get the news over to the States. I stayed in New York and was getting a little wild, being a teenager alone with my own apartment, so my grandpa wrote my mother a letter and said, "You should get your kid over to Japan so you can keep an eye on him." (laughs) And at around the same time I had auditioned for the Left Banke. I got the job, and you can't imagine - there were 60 people, it was a cattle call, and I got it. Only problem was they decided to go on as a vocal trio. So I rehearsed - I learned every Left Banke song, which is probably good training for a teenager, because those guys were a little older than I was and they could teach me stuff. But it didn't happen. So I got disgusted, and my mother said, "Why don't you come to Japan?" I was like, "Yeah, I think I could do that."
Alan Merrill
I got to Japan and started dating a go-go dancer named Michi Nakao, who is now living in London. She was mainly a dancer at the legendary top Tokyo disco Mugen, their main featured dancer in fact, but she was working at the Pasha Club that night, lucky for me! She had quite a startling look. She was dancing at the Pasha Club, where a group called The Lead was playing. Their guitarist Mark Elder had been busted and deported. They were looking for another guitarist, so I slid right in - I arrived in July, 1968, and I literally had a band that I was in by September. I was gigging, but then the bass player got busted and he was gone, and I got signed as a solo act to Atlantic Records in Japan. I was the first signing of Japan Atlantic, the domestic label.

SF: When did you start writing songs?

Alan: I can remember the first song I wrote was called "Where I'll Go," and I was 14. The melody needed help, it was pretty monotonous. It was a lot of one-note stuff. I had just got my first guitar and learned a few chords, I was taking lessons with Van Moretti, who writes books on guitar theory. I took about 14 lessons, but my parents didn't pay them. So he said, "You're my best student, I love you, but I gotta let you go because your parents aren't paying your lessons." (laughs) So I taught myself from then on. Armed with Van's technique, I was able to start a band within 6 months of playing guitar. I started playing down in Greenwich Village, places like the Cafe Wha?, the kids shows, the day shows. And because my parents weren't around, I had long hair, so it was perfect. I'd make $200 a gig at the Westchester and Connecticut teen party dance gigs. It was a lot of money back in the mid-'60s.

SF: So how do you go about writing a song?

Alan: Both of my parents are in jazz, so I had a good basis, knowing most of the standards by osmosis. Sarah Vaughn used to rock me to sleep while my mother was on stage with Earl Hines. I grew up in jazz clubs, so I was absorbing melodies while I was napping on the side of the stage at Birdland. So I guess when I picked up a guitar, it just seemed natural to write. I heard the Beatles were writing and the Kinks were writing, and I thought, well, I can too. Some of them were good. I'd perform mostly Byrds songs at the Cafe Wha?, but I also mixed in about three or four of my originals in like a 12-song set. They always went down as well as the Byrds songs, so that was a good sign.

SF: What's your songwriting process?

Alan: It's usually a title, or some thought process. For example, I wrote a song called "Movies" on my Merrill 1 album back in 1970-71. I was on a subway in Japan, and I started thinking about how my grandfather says, "Oh, new movies aren't any good, they're all sleazy..." this was the late '60s. And he said, "I love the old movies." I was remembering what he said, and I was on the subway in Tokyo, and I took out an envelope and started scrawling lyrics. Lucky I had a pen and an envelope to write on. But my songs could come from anywhere. "Jacqueline" was about a girl that I dated who ultimately rejected me, and she actually died of a botched abortion - it wasn't me who impregnated her, it was someone after we split up. But it was really painful, 'cause she looked like Liz Taylor in National Velvet, it's that kind of a face that inspires songs. I could be inspired by anything though, even the news on TV.

SF: Are there any examples of how your background has come into play in your music?

Alan: Oh yeah. Apart from an unusual childhood with parents in jazz music, I have been influenced by the melodic sense of everywhere that I've worked. I think it makes my palette of colors very big. It's better for me to have traveled and worked in all these different territories. Although I think I was like a moving target. I never was able to establish myself internationally from any one of these territories, unfortunately, because I'd get bored, move to a different continent and start all over.

But the experience of living in these places would naturally color your songwriting. For example, the Pink Soup album for Vodka Collins, I literally arrived, straight off the plane in Japan in 1997, and they said, "We want to try a concept. We want you to go into the studio and write the entire album in the studio in three days." I did it. And I drew on my experiences living in the Tokyo scene, just being there, and drawing on all those situations that I'd been in. But it's a helluva thing getting that kind of pressure, to come up with an entire album in 3 days, as a songwriter. It was a fun challenge.

SF: You talked about glam rock before. Can you give me your take on being part of that whole scene, and what you think about it?
Alan Merrill
Alan: I got into it organically, for want of a better word, because in 1969 I did a commercial for Nissan cars. And they wanted to make me up like a chick, which I didn't really like at first. But I didn't have any problems with my sexuality; a lot of guys would have balked in 1969: No way, you're not putting false eyelashes on me and making my hair silver, and putting lipstick on me. But the whole point of it, the ad was, is it a boy or a girl? And I noticed that Marc Bolan was coming out in England, and David Bowie, with this sort of ambiguous sexuality. And I said, you know, this could work for me. This seems to be something that's not so unusual over in England, at least. In America people would be mortified to do that. But I did it, and it was on Japanese television 200 times a day. There were 8 different commercials. And through that, I thought, you know what? I look pretty good like this. And I'm getting a lot of fan mail from young women. So it was like, Okay. I can do this, and I started writing glam songs.

I wrote new songs based on a book I read about Bob Dylan while I was on a ferry going from mainland Japan up to Hokkaido. He said in the book, "Don't worry about what you write, just write anything. And later on you can fix this. It looks ridiculous, but write anything." And I thought, that's great. That's a great concept. And that's what Bolan was doing. It was like, "stars in her eyes and rainbows in her hair, Mars circling my left arm." You could write anything, and it just creates a visual. So I started writing these songs.

I went on an exploratory month-long trip from Japan to London around 1970, cut a demo with Michael Aldred (Ready Steady Go TV host and Decca records producer) until I ran out of money. Then I ran back to Japan where I was already established and started Vodka Collins, which was the first Japanese glam rock band. Hiroshi Oguchi, the drummer, was totally clued into it. He got it. He was a very cool conceptual artist. I like to surround myself with people who are artistically strong and have good concepts. And this was a good guy to hook up with. But Dylan was the one who freed up my mind that I could just write anything, and then perhaps fix it later.

Laura Nyro was a gifted songwriter and performer. Some of her compositions include "And When I Die," "Eli's Coming" and "Wedding Bell Blues." She died of ovarian cancer in 1997 at age 49.

I watched Laura Nyro write all of her first songs. All of them. I sat in the room and she would run them by me. I'd go, "You can't speed up like that, you'll never have a hit. You can't slow down, speed up, slow down, speed up." And she just smiled at me, like, "I know what I'm doing." (laughing) I said, "Listen to the Byrds and the Beatles, they don't slow down and speed up." A year or two later I was looking at the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 4 songs on the Billboard charts and Laura had written them all!

SF: How did you end up in a room with Laura Nyro while she's writing her songs?

Alan: My Aunt Dorothy married her Uncle Gary, so her mom's brother married my mother's sister in the early 1950s. So from the time I was born, Laura was known to me as Cousin Laura.

SF: Oh, jeez.

Alan: I grew up with Laura. She had a crib, I got the crib, when I outgrew the crib, her brother Jan got the crib. When we were in high school and she was just starting out, Laura was running these songs by me. We went to summer camp together, and I was like her pet project, her confidante, she would talk to me about girls and what I should do, and she was a great big sister to have. My high school, Taft High School in the Bronx, was literally across the street from where she lived on Sheridan Avenue. So I'd finish school, and because my mom was in Japan, I didn't want to go home. There was no one home. So I'd go over to Laura's. I was like a feral child, and Laura would look after me. We'd go up on the roof and smoke some joints, and she'd go downstairs with me and play me her new songs, and ask me what I thought. I didn't realize I was watching musical history. It was totally lost on me, which is terrible, because I'm sure there are Laura Nyro fans who would like to vomit on me for that. But I was yawning and reading magazines while she was writing. After she put out her first album, she gave me the first copy that she got from the record company, and she signed it on the back, "To Cousin Alan, who I love." And she crossed out, "More than a new discovery." She made it, "More than a discovery." She crossed out the "new." She said, "That's what it should be, it should be 'More than a discovery.' I don't like that 'More than a new discovery.'" So on the album I have, she crossed that out with a Magic Marker. So I said, "Are you sure you want to give me this album? It's the only one you have." And she said, "I'll get more." (laughs) I thought they'd just pressed out one album for her and that was gonna be it. That's how naive I was. And I was there after she put the album out, and Peter, Paul and Mary had done "And When I Die." She got a call from John Phillips, and I happened to be in the living room, because it was around the time after school when I'd go over to her house. She said, "You'll never guess who that was." And I said, "Who?" She said, "John Phillips from the Mamas and the Papas, they want me to do the Monterey Festival." And I was like, "Oh, that's great, isn't it?" She said, "No, I've never done a gig. All I've ever done is recording." Now she thinks she has to put a band together, she's worried about her stage act - she doesn't know how to act on stage. She knows how to write a song, she knows how to record, but she doesn't have an act together. But I think historically the Monterey experience was a fine line. I think now if you look back on it, it's a great performance. She was really ripped by the critics back then, because it was almost like show tunes to them, during an era when Jimi Hendrix was coming to the fore. But she was just a miracle. As a talent, she was great.
Laura Nyro album cover
To show how close we were, when Geffen was asking her to go with Asylum Records, and she didn't want to do it, she ran to my house in Tokyo. Geffen was calling, she said, "I'm not here, I'm not here." So I'm telling David Geffen, "She's not here, I don't know where she is," and she was standing right in front of me. "She went out for a walk" I'd say. And Laura was like, "Whew." But I was there when she actually decided to reject the offer, I remember her saying, "Why don't you start Asylum Records with Jackson" - meaning Jackson Browne - "and if it works out, then I'll sign with your label. But don't make me leave Columbia. Dylan's with Columbia. It was always my dream to be with Columbia Records." Geffen was like, "Either you're with me, or you're history." So she decided to stay with Columbia, and she and Geffen parted ways, and I think it broke her heart. She was never the same artist. But I saw it go down in my house in Tokyo where she stayed. She was in sanctuary there. She couldn't have gotten further away from New York. She had to come to Tokyo. And she came to see me do the teenybop shows in Japan, which was fun for her, because we grew up together as little children, and there I am with a couple of thousand Japanese girls screaming at me on stage. I loved that. That was great.

SF: That must have been fun. Who's the most interesting person you've worked with?

Alan: Steve Winwood. As a musician. As a polished talent, Winwood was just amazing. A perfectionist. Fantastic instincts. Unbelievable voice. He played on my track, "Always Another Train." And he said, "Go to the pub, lads, I have to work." It was a moog synthesizer, and he wanted to get it triggering exactly and pan it in stereo. It was "doogadoogadoogadooga" and he did it, and we came back from the pub and said, "Perfect." But most days it took a long time to program a synth, really an uphill battle. And then he played the piano on the track. And Mick Taylor played slide. I think it's the only time that those two guys have ever been on a track together.

Bill Wyman was fun to work with because he turns everything into sounding like a Rolling Stones song. We wrote a song called "At The Candy Shop" together back in 1977 when I went down to his house in the south of France. It's basically a song about a whorehouse, and he put his bass on, and it sounded just like the Rolling Stones when he did it. Just amazing. Dallas Taylor was on drums. Another great talent.

SF: Can you tell me about your British hit, "Touch Too Much"?

Alan: Sure. I had been in London about three or four months, and RAK Publishing initially just wanted to sign me as a songwriter; I auditioned with an acoustic guitar and voice - no tapes. I didn't understand the concept of putting in a tape. Mickie Most came in and he had just been turned down by David Cassidy for "Touch Too Much." He had offered David "Touch Too Much," which was a Mike Chapman and Nicky Chinn song. David almost took the bait, and then he passed. He said, "I don't think it's a hit song." So Mickie had an ax to grind with Cassidy. And I walked in, and I didn't look unlike David Cassidy back in those days. He thought, I'm gonna teach David Cassidy a lesson. So he took the very new band The Arrows into the studio. I think we'd been together a couple of months. And we cut "Touch Too Much." So within six months of my being in Britain from Japan I was in the Top Ten. Which just blew my mind. It was like, Okay, this guy Mickie Most is pretty cool. He knows a hit. And, you know, I've had hits in Japan, and now I've had a hit in England. So no one can take that away from me. I loved the English market when I was in Japan, and when I was a kid growing up in New York it was like that was the Everest, that if you could have a hit in England, you'd arrived. That was a good feeling. So Mickie Most had proved his point to David Cassidy. Suzi Quatro was also offered the song, she turned it down. Sweet were offered the song, they turned it down, after the Cassidy thing. So Mickie just wanted to prove to David Cassidy that it was a hit song.

But now he didn't know what to do with us. He was looking for another song, and Chapman and Chinn were too busy with Quatro, Mud, Sweet, all those other people they were writing for. They didn't have another song for us. And of course we were writing like mad. I came up with a song called "Wake Up," which was almost the Arrows' second single. Mickie didn't think it was any good. To show how discerning he was, David Hayes changed the lyrics and put it out with Coco in 1976, two years after we presented it to Mickie, and it almost won Eurovision. Came in #2, by Coco. Exactly the same melody, same arrangement, same chorus, only Dave changed some of the lyrics. My name is nowhere on the credits, but there is an Arrows video of "Wake Up" on YouTube, and there is one of Coco, you can see. Ours is in 1974, theirs is in 1976. We were clearly first, and that's the dirty music business. But we were writing hit songs, Mickie wasn't necessarily biting. To be fair to us, if we had gotten a Top of the Pops TV appearance with our second single "Toughen Up," it would have been a hit. It would have been Top 30. But we had minimal TV exposure and radio exposure on that record.

The next one was written by Roger Ferris, who was the Beatles' engineer at Abbey Road. It was called "My Last Night With You," and that was a hit, which was totally unexpected. The record company just wasn't prepared. They had a record out with Suzi Quatro called "Your Mama Won't Like Me," which didn't make the cut. And we were all on tour together, it was Quatro, Arrows, and Cozy Powell's Hammer, and we got into the Top 30, got a Top of the Pops and stayed in the Top 30 for I think seven weeks, which is not bad with the record company not really being behind you. And then the next record we put out was "I Love Rock and Roll." We were lucky to have met Mickie Most, but at the same time, we met him at the wrong time in his career, when he was in his blue period, where he was really into ballads, and we should have been putting out up-tempo rock songs. And we were certainly writing them, especially when Terry Taylor joined the band. He was with the Bill Wyman produced band Tucky Buzzard for a long time (Terry Taylor is now musical director of Bill Wyman's Rhythm Kings band). The songs we wrote with Terry were terrific, but we had taken management on, and Mickie had already decided not to put any records out. So those songs only came out in 2005 on the Arrows A's, B's and Rarities. (laughs) But a good song will always come out.

SF: It'll make its way eventually.

Alan: I think so. They're like little worms in the apple. They have to poke their head out sometime. As long as they're there, as long as you've recorded them and you put them out, people will find them. I'm as proud of my Lou Rawls cover with "When The Night Comes" as I am of "I Love Rock and Roll."

SF: Really?

Alan: It was the first song taken into outer space. It was the first song played out of Earth's orbit by Guion Bluford, the first black astronaut.

SF: Are you telling me that he brought a record player into outer space with him?

Alan: I think it may have been a Walkman. (laughs) I don't think it was a stylus. But they played it back to Earth.

SF: Oh, okay.

Alan: Yeah, "When The Night Comes" was a Lou Rawls title track, Epic Records, 1983. It had previously been recorded on Arista by Catherine Howe, and produced by Pip Williams, who produced the Moody Blues. So the song had some life in it, like "I Love Rock and Roll" it just kept going. And when Lou Rawls cut it, it was my good luck that the song was taken up into space. But it was originally recorded by just me and Dave Dowle, the drummer from my group Runner.

Dave and I were in the studio and I was writing songs for Runner's second album, which never happened. So that demo is what Lou Rawls heard, and he liked it enough to cut the song. It's a good career oddity, and I'm proud of that. It started out as a Runner demo, made its way to Catherine Howe, Pip Williams liked it, and then it got to Lou Rawls.

SF: What about the song itself?

Alan: It was a romantic song that I wrote about when you fall in love with somebody, where you'd like to take them, and your favorite places. So I thought about Paris, and I thought about Kyoto, because I'd had romantic experiences in both cities, and I thought about that first spark of relationship. It was really just a simple love song. I mentioned the Kamogawa River, which is the one that runs through Kyoto. And, you know, I've always enjoyed kissing on the Pont des Arts in Paris. It's a great place at like 3 a.m., after going to the bar and having some champagne. It's just such a romantic view. You have the Ile Saint Louis, if you're crossing from the left bank to the right bank, it's on the right. These are the two romantic places that I imagined I'd like to take somebody.

SF: Talk about some of your other songs.

Alan: "Pink Soup" was about cunnilingus. "Pink Soup" was like tongue-in-cheek (sic) in other areas, about giving head, basically. The middle is, "I'm a true connoisseur, I'm a gourmand for the stuff, I can never get enough. I always eat a lot, so keep it coming hot, I must salute the chef, I'll eat 'til nothing's left." (laughing) I have fun with it, and I hope that translates to the listener as light hearted and not too perverse (laughs).

There's a song called "Theo" on that album. This composition details the relationship between brothers Vincent and Theo Van Gogh, and is an example of how it's essential for creative artists to have good management to become well known. In the case of Vincent Van Gogh, Theo was an integral part of his success in so many ways, and this has been well documented in the books The Complete Letters of Vincent Van Gogh, a trilogy upon which this song is based. I found the books in my compactor (trash) room, as it was being thrown out by another tenant in the same building. Lucky for me I found it, or I wouldn't have written the song! The metaphor was "every artist needs a brother like Theo Van Gogh." It's so true, without a good liaison, great artists are usually crazy, and without a good manager the works don't often get out to the public. I've seen some great talent playing, for example, in Greenwich Village, they're just too crazy to do anything.

You know who Laura hooked me up with? You'll never believe this. Paul Clayton, who wrote "Feel Like I've Gotta Travel On." I played on one of his records when I was 14, because Laura said, "Go on, go on, you can do it." It was bass, and I'd never played bass before. But I did all right. "Gingerbread Mind by the Gingerbread Kind," was the name of the project, and it was Paul Clayton trying to get into folk rock. This was mid-'60s. The Lovin' Spoonful were starting, and Laura said, "Why don't you audition for the Lovin' Spoonful? Now you know how to play bass, they're looking for a bass player. But you'd have to quit school." And I said, "I don't want to quit school." So I went over to her house after school one day, and she put this record on, and it was "Do You Believe In Magic?." She just looked at me and said, "This is what you didn't go to do." And I was like, "Oh, shit, it's gonna be a #1 record. I blew it. I could have been the 14-year-old bass player in the Lovin' Spoonful." (laughing)

Get more Alan, including amazing photos from some very interesting places, at alanmerrill.com

Comments: 6

So informative, and Alan's career spans such a wide cross section of the music business, in terms of time and place as well as musical genres that it was interesting all through. I hope he plans to write a book. I'd want to read that
-LOUISE HUNTER from Hampshire

Very interesting! And I must say that he was beautiful! ;-) <3
-D

Great interview, love the part about Nyro. Very informative.
-Release82 from Illinois

Great interview, thanks for sending it to me Alan!!
-Katy from LEJ

I love these interviews - they are like those particles in the universe that hold all the galaxies in place. Alan Merrill could be his own astrophysics project - Very interesting person - love the feral teen story - my first love was a feral teen and a genius as well.
-Mr. Gasoline from Redwood City, CA

Fascinating interview. Thanks for that. / Jeff
-Jeff from New Jersey

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Penny Ford of Snap!Penny Ford of Snap!
The original voice of Snap!, this story is filled with angry drag queens, video impersonators and Chaka Khan.
Jimmy WebbJimmy Webb
Webb talks about his classic songs "By the Time I Get to Phoenix," "Wichita Lineman" and "MacArthur Park."
Andy Powell of Wishbone AshAndy Powell of Wishbone Ash
The Wishbone Ash guitarist on how touring with The Who inspired one of their most enduring songs, and why they moved to America at the peak of their powers.
Charlie Benante of AnthraxCharlie Benante of Anthrax
The drummer for Anthrax is also a key songwriter. He explains how the group puts their songs together and tells the stories behind some of their classics.

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Songwriter Interviews titles
Aaron Beam of Red Fang
Aaron Gillespie
Aaron Lewis
Adam Duritz of Counting Crows
Adam Schlesinger of Fountains of Wayne
Adam Young of Owl City
Al Anderson of NRBQ
Al Jourgensen of Ministry
Al Kooper
Alan Merrill of The Arrows
Alex Call (867-5309)
Allee Willis: Boogie Wonderland, Friends theme
Amanda Palmer
Amy Grant
Andy McClusky of OMD
Andy Powell of Wishbone Ash
Angelo Moore of Fishbone
Ann Hampton Callaway
Anna Canoni about Woody Guthrie
Annie Haslam of Renaissance
Antigone Rising
Art Alexakis of Everclear
Asher Roth
Badi Assad
Bart Millard of MercyMe
Becca Stevens
Benny Mardones
Bill Withers
Billy Gould of Faith No More
Billy Joe Shaver
Billy Montana ("More Than A Memory" - Garth Brooks)
Billy Steinberg
Bo Bice
Bobby Liebling of Pentagram
Bobby Whitlock
Boz Scaggs
Brad Arnold from 3 Doors Down
Brad Smith of Blind Melon
Brandi Carlile
Brandon Heath
Brenda Russell
Brian "Head" Welch of Korn, Love and Death
Bronze Radio Return
Bruce Robison
Bryan Adams
Butch Vig
Buzz Osborne of the Melvins
Carol Kaye
Chad Channing (Nirvana, Before Cars)
Chad Urmston of Dispatch
Chan Kinchla of Blues Traveler
Charles Fox
Charlie Benante of Anthrax
Charlie Daniels
Charlotte Caffey of The Go-Go's
Chris August
Chris Fehn of Slipknot
Chris Isaak
Chris Knight
Chris Robinson of The Black Crowes
Chris Squire of Yes
Chris Tomlin
Chris Willis
Chris Wilson of The Flamin' Groovies
Christopher Cross
Chuck Billy of Testament
Cody Hanson of Hinder
Colbie Caillat
Corey Hart
Craig Goldy of Dio
Curt Kirkwood of Meat Puppets
Cy Curnin of The Fixx
Dan Haseltine of Jars of Clay
Dan Reed
Daniel Moore ("Shambala," "My Maria")
Danko Jones
Danny Kortchmar
Dar Williams
Darren King of MUTEMATH
Darryl Worley
Dave Clark
Dave Innis of Restless Heart
Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum
Dave Stewart of Eurythmics
Dave Wakeling of The English Beat
Dean Pitchford
Denny Randell
Desmond Child
Devin Townsend
Devo
Dexys (Kevin Rowland and Jim Paterson)
Dez Fafara of DevilDriver and Coal Chamber
Dick Wagner (Alice Cooper/Lou Reed)
Dino Cazares of Fear Factory
Don Brewer of Grand Funk
Don Felder
Donald Fagen
Donnie Iris (Ah! Leah!, The Rapper)
Dr. John
Dropkick Murphys
dUg Pinnick of King's X
Duncan Phillips of Newsboys
Dwight Twilley
Eddie Carswell of NewSong
Eddie Reeves
Edwin McCain
El Sloan of Crossfade
Elvin Bishop
Emilio Castillo from Tower of Power
Emily Saliers of Indigo Girls
Eric Burdon
Eric Kretz of Stone Temple Pilots
Francesca Battistelli
Francis Rossi of Status Quo
Gary Brooker of Procol Harum
Gary Lewis
Gary Louris of The Jayhawks
Gary Numan
Gentle Giant
Georgia Middleman of Blue Sky Riders
Gilby Clarke
Glen Burtnik
Glen Phillips of Toad the Wet Sprocket
Gordon Bahary
Graham Bonnet (Alcatrazz, Rainbow)
Graham Parker
Graham Russell of Air Supply
Greg Lake of Emerson, Lake & Palmer
Gretchen Peters (Independence Day)
Guy Clark
Gym Class Heroes
Hal Ketchum
Harold Brown of War
Harry Shearer
Hayes Carll
Henry McCullough
Henry Paul of The Outlaws, Blackhawk
Holly Knight
Holly Williams
Howard Bellamy
Howard Jones
Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull
Ian Anderson: "The delight in making music is that you don't have a formula"
Ian Astbury of The Cult
Ian Thornley of Big Wreck
Ingrid Croce
J.D. Souther
Jack Blades of Night Ranger and Damn Yankees
Jake Owen
James Williamson of Iggy & the Stooges
Jamey Jasta of Hatebreed
Jane Wiedlin from the Go-Go`s
Janis Ian
Jann Klose
Jaret Reddick of Bowling for Soup
Jason Michael Carroll
Jason Newsted (ex-Metallica)
Jason Reeves
Jason Roy of Building 429
Jay Graydon
Jeff Walker of Carcass
Jello Biafra
Jeph Howard of The Used
Jeremy DePoyster of The Devil Wears Prada
Jess Origliasso of The Veronicas
Jesse Valenzuela of Gin Blossoms
Jim McCarty of The Yardbirds
Jimbeau Hinson
Jimmy Jam
Jimmy Webb
JJ Burnel of The Stranglers
Jo Dee Messina
Joe Elliott of Def Leppard
Joe Ely
Joe Grushecky
Joe Jackson
Joe King Carrasco
Joe Rickard of Red
Joel Crouse
Joey + Rory
Joey Burns of Calexico
John Doe of X
John Gallagher of Raven
John Lee Hooker
John Oates
John Rzeznik of Goo Goo Dolls
John Waite
John Wheeler of Hayseed Dixie
Johnette Napolitano of Concrete Blonde
Jon Anderson of Yes
Jon Foreman of Switchfoot
Jon Oliva of Trans-Siberian Orchestra
Jon Tiven
Josh Kelley
Josh Shilling
Josh Thompson
Julian Lennon
Justin Hayward of The Moody Blues
Kasim Sulton (Utopia, Meat Loaf)
Keith Morris of Black Flag and OFF!
Keith Reid of Procul Harum
Kelvin Swaby of The Heavy
Ken Block of Sister Hazel
Kenny Vance
Kerry Livgren of Kansas
Kim Thayil of Soundgarden
Kirk Franklin
Kristian Bush of Sugarland
Kristine W
Lajon Witherspoon of Sevendust
Larry Burnett of Firefall
Larry Wiegand of Crow
Laura Bell Bundy
Lecrae
Lee Ranaldo
Leslie West of Mountain
Lindi Ortega
Lisa Loeb
Lita Ford
Little Big Town
Lori McKenna
Louie Perez of Los Lobos
Lukas Nelson
Mac Powell of Third Day
Marc Roberge of O.A.R. (Of A Revolution)
Marcy Playground
Maria Muldaur
Maria Neckam
Mark Arm of Mudhoney
Marshall Crenshaw
Martin Page
Martin Smith of Delirous?
Martyn Ware of Heaven 17
Marvin Etzioni of Lone Justice
Mary Gauthier
Mat Kearney
Matisyahu
Matt Pike of High On Fire
Matt Pryor of Get Up Kids
Matt Scannell of Vertical Horizon
Matt Sorum
Matt Thiessen of Relient K
Matthew West
Max Cavalera of Soulfly (ex-Sepultura)
Mia Doi Todd
Michael Bolton
Michael Gilbert of Flotsam and Jetsam
Michael Glabicki of Rusted Root
Michael Schenker
Michael Sweet of Stryper
Mick Jones of Foreigner
Mike Campbell
Mike Donehey of Tenth Avenue North
Mike Love of The Beach Boys
Mike Muir of Suicidal Tendencies
Mike Portnoy of Dream Theater
Miles Doughty of Slightly Stoopid
Millie Jackson
Mitch Myers about Shel Silverstein
Mitts of Madball
Mountain Heart
Neil Fallon of Clutch
Neil Giraldo
Nick Van Eede from Cutting Crew
Nick Waterhouse
Nick Wheeler of The All-American Rejects
Nina Persson of The Cardigans
Nona Hendryx
Oliver Leiber
Our Lady Peace
Ozomatli
Pam Tillis
Pat Alger ("The Thunder Rolls", "Unanswered Prayers")
Paul Dean of Loverboy
Paul Evans
Paul Williams
Pegi Young
Penny Ford of Snap!
Pete Anderson
Peter Lord
Petula Clark
Phil Hurtt ("I'll Be Around")
Philip Cody
Queensr├┐che founder Geoff Tate
Radney Foster
Raghav
Ralph Casale - Session Pro
Randy Goodrum (Oh Sherrie)
Randy Houser
Randy Montana
Randy Newman
Randy Sharp (From Glen Campbell to Edgar Winter)
Randy Stonehill
Rebecca St. James
Reverend Horton Heat
Rhonda Vincent
Richard Hell
Richard Marx
Richard Patrick of Filter
Richie McDonald of Lonestar
Richie Wise (Kiss producer, Dust)
Rick Finch
Rick Springfield
Rick Wartell of Trouble
Rik Emmett of Triumph
Robert Ellis
Roger Clyne
Rosanne Cash
Rupert Hine
Ryan Star
Sam Phillips
Sandy Chapin
Sarah Brightman
Scorpions Rudolf Schenker
Scott Gorham of Thin Lizzy and Black Star Riders
Scott Jason of Thriving Ivory
Scott Stapp
Scotty Emerick (Beer For My Horses)
Serena Ryder
Seth Swirsky
Shane Volk of One Bad Son
Shaun Morgan of Seether
Shawn Smith of Brad
Shelby Lynne
Skip Ewing ("Love, Me," "The Gospel According To Luke")
Sonny Sandoval of P.O.D.
Speech of Arrested Development
Spooner Oldham
Squeeze: Glenn Tilbrook and Chris Difford
Stan Ridgway
Steel Magnolia
Stephen Christian of Anberlin
Steve Azar
Steve Hindalong of The Choir
Steven Tyler of Aerosmith
Stuart Braithwaite of Mogwai
Sugarland
Sum 41
Sunny Sweeney
Supertramp founder Roger Hodgson
Tanita Tikaram
Taylor Dayne
Terry Cashman
Terry Jacks ("Seasons in the Sun")
Terry Taylor of Daniel Amos and Lost Dogs
The Asteroids Galaxy Tour
The Dandy Warhols
The Fratellis
The Limousines
They Might Be Giants
Thomas Dolby
Tim Butler of The Psychedelic Furs
Timothy B. Schmit of the Eagles
Tina Shafer
Tobin Esperance of Papa Roach
Toby Lightman
Todd Harrell of 3 Doors Down and 7dayBinge
Tom Gabel of Against Me!
Tom Johnston from The Doobie Brothers
Tom Keifer of Cinderella
Tommy James
Tommy Lee James ("She's My Kind Of Rain")
Toni Wine
Tonio K
Tony Hiller and Brotherhood of Man
Tony Joe White
Travis Stever of Coheed and Cambria
Trent Wagler of The Steel Wheels
Udo Dirkschneider (UDO, ex-Accept)
Van Dyke Parks
Vanessa Carlton
Ville Valo of HIM
Vince Clarke
Vinny May of Kodaline
Vonda Shepard
Wayne Hussey of The Mission
Wednesday 13
Wes Borland of Limp Bizkit and Black Light Burns
Will Jennings
Yael Naim
Yoko Ono
Zac Hanson
Zakk Wylde
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