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Album: Ha-tikvahReleased: 1886
"Ha-tikvah" is the Israeli National Anthem, although it predates the founding of the Zionist state by some seventy years. The title translates as "The Hope," meaning the hope of an establishment of a national homeland for the Jews. According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, it started life as a poem by Naphtali Herz Imber, and was first published as Tikvatenu (meaning Our Hope) in the 1886 anthology Barkai, "with the misleading note 'Jerusalem 1884'".
Around 1882, it was set to music by Samuel Cohen in Palestine; the song was adopted as the Anthem of Hovevei Zion, a movement which in spite of its name bore no similarity to the 20th Century Zionist movement; modern Zionism being fundamentally a racial philosophy.
Cohen based the melody on the Moldavian-Romanian folk song "Ca-rul Cu Boi
." The first English translation was by the British-born author Israel Zangwill, and the first German one by Heinrich Loewe; "Ha-tikvah" was sung at the declaration of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948.
Although it was the National Anthem in all but name, it was not until November 2004 that it was sanctioned as such by the Knesset.