According to The Story Behind the Song: 150 Songs that Chronicle the 20th Century
, the Hughie Cannon composition "Bill Bailey, Won't You Please Come Home?" signaled the demise of the "coon song". Although it was similar to other songs of the genré using stylized dialect, it deviated from the strongly polar issues of "us versus them" ie black against white.
The song "could easily have been about a rift between a white man and his wife".
While this latter claim is true, it was the rise of Vaudeville and the emergence of a more sophisticated type of humour that led to the demise of the "coon song"; the developments of ragtime, swing and jazz also meant that old-fashioned and archaic music forms quietly fell out of fashion; the same thing happened in due course to music hall.