John Lennon and Paul McCartney were developing this as a showcase song for Ringo when they ran into The Stones' manager Andrew Oldham, who used to work for Beatles manager Brian Epstein. Oldham invited Lennon and McCartney to The Stones rehearsal space in London, and when they showed up, Lennon and McCartney finished the song and gave it to The Stones to record.
Mick Jagger said in 1968: "We knew (the Beatles) by then and we were rehearsing and Andrew brought Paul and John down to the rehearsal. They said they had this tune, they were really hustlers then. I mean the way they used to hustle tunes was great: 'Hey Mick, we've got this great song.' So they played it and we thought it sounded pretty commercial, which is what we were looking for, so we did it like Elmore James or something. I haven't heard it for ages but it must be pretty freaky 'cause nobody really produced it. It was completely crackers, but it was a hit and sounded great onstage."
Bill Wyman (1982): "We kind of learned it pretty quickly 'cause there wasn't that much to learn. Then Brian got his slide out, his steel (guitar) out and dadaw... dadaw.. and we said, Yeah, that's better, dirty it up a bit and bash it out, and we kind of completely turned the song around and made it much more tough. (thanks, Bertrand - Paris, France, for above 2)
This was the second Stones single released in England. Their first was a cover of a Chuck Berry song called "Come On."
Watching Lennon and McCartney compose this inspired Mick Jagger and Keith Richards to write more original songs. The Stones had mostly covered American Blues songs to this point. It was a big step for Mick and Keith, since they didn't consider themselves songwriters.
The Stones were just developing a fan base in England when they released this. It was a big boost to their career, since a song written by Lennon and McCartney was almost guaranteed to be a hit.
Brian Jones played a bottleneck steel guitar, the first time this was done on an English pop record.
The Beatles used this as a showcase song for Ringo from 1963-1966.
This was the first song performed on the first episode of the BBC music show Top Of The Pops. The debut show was January 1, 1964, and The Stones were followed by Dusty Springfield, The Dave Clark Five and The Hollies.