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The Stones recorded this in Keith Richards' villa in France. The rest of the band rented houses nearby, but they used Keith's basement as a studio because they liked the sound. Because it was not a controlled environment, they got a weird sound when they recorded this, but decided to leave it in.
The band picked the title because the basement where this was recorded had only one small window, and the air got very stale.
This is credited to Jagger/Richards/Mick Taylor. The only Stones song guitarist Mick Taylor received a writing credit for. One of the reasons Taylor left The Stones in 1974 was because his songwriting was not being credited, meaning he did not get royalties.
One reviewer compared this song to the output of the record label Chess Records. The Stones also dropped a nod to Chess Records in the song "2120 South Michigan Avenue,"
which was Chess Records' address. The Stones repeatedly credited their influence to Chess artists and the culture around them.
Several Rolling Stones songs have lyrics that contain a touch of misogyny, which is apparent here in the line, "Your woman's cussing, you can hear her scream; you feel like murder in the first degree."
Drummer Charlie Watts would later tell interviewers in 2003 that this was one song whose pinnacle was the original recording, never to recapture the glory again. "It's a great track, but we never play it as well as the original. Something will not be quite right; either Keith will play it a bit differently or I'll do it wrong. It's a fabulous number, but a bit of a tricky one." That could have something to do with the cramped and dilapidated basement studio, which gives it an air of authentic misery. But it's also a technically tricky song.
The title actually comes from that basement, which lacked proper ventilation.
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