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If you've never heard of this song before, that's because (1) "Schoolboy Blues" is actually an alternate title for the song and (2) the song was never released anyway. The reason for both becomes obvious when you read the song's lyrics and its original, uncensored title: "Cocksucker Blues."
This song came about as the Stones were set to establish their own record label. They had one single left to record for their old label (Decca) in order to fulfill the terms of their contract, and this was it.
With "Schoolboy Blues" the Rolling Stones apparently took a cue from Phil Spector, who in 1963 wrote and had the Crystals record "(Let's Dance) The Screw" as a parting shot at Lester Sill, his former partner at Philles Records, with whom Spector had had a falling-out. (A persistent myth is that "The Screw" was also meant to technically fulfill the terms of a contract, but Sill has denied this).
Although Decca never released this single, the song did appear as part of the original West German release of the boxed set The Rest of the Best, but after 4 weeks the set was re-issued without this song. (thanks, Joshua - Twin Cities, MN, for all above)
Jim McCarty of The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds drummer explains how they created their sound and talks about working with their famous guitarists.
Pete produced Dwight Yoakam, Michelle Shocked, Meat Puppets, and a very memorable track for Roy Orbison.
John Doe of X
With his X-wife Exene, John fronts the band X and writes their songs.