Broken Arrow

Album: Buffalo Springfield Again (1967)
Play Video


  • Neil Young wrote this after breaking up with the group because of what he called "An identity crisis." He quickly returned to the band and recorded this song. In a Rolling Stone interview about what broke up Buffalo Springfield; Young said, "I was going crazy, you know, joining and quitting and joining again. I began to feel like I didn't have to answer or obey anyone. I needed more space." Meanwhile, his Buffalo Springfield bandmate Stephen Stills concurs, saying in part: "We were of the age where you can very easily get the diva syndrome before you've sold any records or anything and all that stuff, and there was a little of that. And it was so laden with talent, this bunch, that we just hit the track going too fast that we went into the wall with no skid marks. It was just... we spun out. But we spun out because we didn't realize how hot the car was."
  • This track took over 100 hours to record, which was an eternity by 1967 standards. "Broken Arrow" sometimes draws raised eyebrows for being so oddly arranged - rather like the Beatles' psychedelic period such as "Revolution 9." Perhaps it is this song which longtime Young collaborator David Briggs had in mind when he said, "When you make rock and roll, the more you think, the more you stink."
  • Dewey Martin, who was Buffalo Springfield's drummer, sang the first verse of Mr. Soul in this tune. The track was produced by Jack Nitzsche, and the jazzy piano solo at the end is by Don Randi. >>
    Suggestion credit:
    Steve - Los Angeles, CA
  • Of "Broken Arrow," Peter Frampton had this to say: "Ever since the Buffalo Springfield, 'Broken Arrow' - I think that's the one that did it for me, that just put him at the top of my list as one of my favorites. And to have him and Stephen Stills in the same band, 'cause I love both of them, was incredible. But Neil is just an amazing performer as well as, obviously, the amazing songs he's written. I'm a big fan."
  • In 1996, Young released an album titled Broken Arrow.
  • Engineer Jim Messina recalled to Uncut magazine in 2021: "When Neil brought the song in, he wanted to use all these separate pieces. That was a first for me, but I knew what we had to do to make it work. I got a chance to see how his mind worked in terms of piecing all those images together.

    The last part has that jazz part in it, which I never understood why he wanted it there. But when it all came together, it was quite wonderful. I would never have pictured it in that way, but Neil did.

    Sitting back and watching him think it through, then bringing the band in and getting them to play it, then putting that little piece in the end; it was fascinating. I remember him standing up when it was done, with a huge smile on his face, and saying, 'That's it. That's great.'"
  • In the sleeve notes for Buffalo Springfield Again, Young dedicates "Broken Arrow" to Ken Koblun, a Canadian musician who played with Young several times in the 1960s, including a short sting with Buffalo Springfield in early 1967. Koblun was Young's old friend, playing with him way back in 1963 with The Squires, Young's first serious band. Buffalo Springfield called on Koblun's services after bassist Bruce Palmer was arrested and deported back to Canada for drug possession at the very time when "For What It's Worth" was hot on the charts.

    When authorities deported Palmer, Koblun had been playing with a group named 3's A Crowd, which isn't so much remembered today but was a band with some commercial success, particularly in Canada. Cass Elliot of The Mamas & the Papas co-produced the band's only album, Christopher's Movie Matinee, in 1968. Koblun left that group posthaste and hopped in with Buffalo Springfield. Everything went well except Koblun thought he was there to occupy the position full-time, while Buffalo Springfield were looking at him as only a temporary replacement.

    Young couldn't bring himself to tell Koblun he was out of the band in person, so he wrote him a note on February 10 letting him know that his services were no longer needed. This is part of a pattern in Young's life, as he was known throughout his career for burning bridges and abandoning friends at the drop of the hat. Young himself has categorized this as a devotion to following his music wherever it took him, and that is the way it's frequently been mythologized. On the other side, many were left hurt and feeling betrayed, and whether Young's acts were devotional or just plain selfish is largely a matter of perspective (as with most things in life).

    The dynamics of this particular conflict were even more intriguing because Koblun had also abandoned 3's A Crowd to be with Buffalo Springfield and, interestingly, had actually turned down Stephen Stills and Richie Furay in 1965 - he could have been a founding a member of Buffalo Springfield before Young even entered the picture.

    According to Koblun, Young selected the title "Broken Arrow" because it's an Indian term for "friendship after war" (Don't Be Denied, 1992, p. 198). In that same quote, Koblun says that the song isn't "about" him so much as about Young's guilt for sending him away from Buffalo Springfield.

    For his part, Young openly dedicated the song to Koblun in the album's liner notes and added in Don't Be Denied: "I dedicated it to him because he had gone through a rough time."

    Despite his brief tenure with the band, Koblun is in one of the few video-recorded bits of Buffalo Springfield, appearing in a fully mimed (the band pretending to play while actually moving to prerecorded music) performance of "For What It's Worth" on Where The Action Is, a variety showed created by Dick Clark.

Comments: 13

  • George from Vancouver, CanadaMakes me thinkof the Trail of Tears, whn the Native Indians were marched out of their ancestral territory (Indiana?)
    O rereading the lyrics, now I get the idea it's about a one Indian representing all his race, watching how Hollywood beats up on another treasured tribal memory in favour of making White Amerca the superior. Broken Arrow = "The battle was fought valiantly, & here is my proof, O Great Spirit"
  • Tim from Kalamazoo, Mi.Reading Mike's (from Park Ridge) comment about the "heartbeat" at the end of the song made me smile. I have my own little "heartbeat" story.

    I was only 3 y/o when this song came out, but within a few years I had mastered my dad's Wollensak reel-to-reel tape recorder. He had the "Retrospective" album as reel-to-reel, and I loved that album - I didn't know about the individual albums for another 8-10 years! Anyway, back in the day (I was about 10 years old), the only way I knew how to record was on my little cassette deck using its portable microphone. And, I used to record a lot of things that way.

    Since my parents had divorced years before, I decided I needed that Retrospective album for myself, so on my next visit with my Dad I started recording it. And it turned out really well, all things considered. But the funniest thing happened, and I DID NOT KNOW it until quite a few years later. At the end of Broken Arrow, as the heartbeat started to "fade out", an AIRPLANE flew OVERHEAD, and it FIT IN PERFECTLY to the song, a sort of "thump-thump, thump-thump, thum...-ZOOOOOOOoooooommm----- ... fade out, and it ended JUST IN TIME before the next song (might have been Rock and Roll Woman) started up!! I listened to that little cassette for a long time, and it was only when I was about 17-18 when I bought a well-used "Again" album that I heard the "real thing" again, and REALIZED THERE WAS NO AIRPLANE "ZOOM"!! More than once I wondered what Neil would have thought about my little "addition"!!
  • Dave from Vancouver, WaI was listening to this song and it reminded me of The Beatles, "A day in the life." They were both written in 1967. Did one influence the other?
  • Mike from Park Ridge , IlWhat was with the heartbeat sound at the end?
  • Melissa from Fairborn, OhThis is one of my favorite Buffalo Springfield song which is mostly acoustic on this song, Also, my favorite part of the song I like the most is when I like the jazz touch before the song ends. Yes it's good to waltz to this acoustic/jazz Buffalo Springfield song, hmmm.
  • Valerie from Eureka, CaHey Max in Parma Ohio....Yes, this song, Down Down Down is on youtube and is VERY MUCH like Broken song!!!!! Pioneers were the musicians from the 60's...Down is like a waltz as is Arrow...thanks for mentioning Down, Max.
  • Valerie from Eureka, CaNEIL YOUNG!!! He is, in my opinion, a genius! Broken Arrow as all of his songs, is steeped in so much introverted meanings...or so they all seem to be anyway.
  • Ted from Phoenix, AzThis is a great song with some very trippy lyrics with obscure meanings. My favorite lines come at the end of the second verse when Neil Young sings: "His mother had said that a trip was a fall And don't mention babies at all.", which i believe is a reference to teenage sexuality.
  • Baz from Johnson, VtGreat tune. Though i've always wondered if the US military borrowed the terms Broken Arrow and Empty Quiver for nuclear weapons "incidents" from this song; of course if you're thinking (as Neil and whoever at DoD was making up code names)in that vein it's just as likely to be a coincidence.
  • Max from Parma, OhThere's another tune by Buffalo Springfield called "Down Down Down" that has the same melody. Apparently, it was never released on an album in the 1960's, but the Buffalo Springfield boxed set has two different versions of it, demo and remix. I'm not sure if the song has any relations to Broken Arrow, except for a few lyrics and the melody. The first stanza is, "Come to see her in the river/ she'll be there to wave to you/ In the hope that you'll forgive her/ She will join you there."
  • Melissa from Fairborn, OhI love the jazz-like part especially at the end of the song.
  • Stefanie Magura from Rock Hill, ScI just looked at the lyrics, and this song definitely seems like one Neil Young would write.
  • Steve from New York City, NyThis song is a medley. It first starts out with a (seemingly) live version of the Buffalo Springfield song "Mr. Soul" (written by Neil Young). Then it goes into Broken Arrow, "The lights turned on and the curtain fell down...". After this, a jazz quartet plays what sounds like a "jazzified" version of the Broken Arrow melody, complete with piano solo. Finally, it ends with a heartbeat sound (similar to that of "Eclipse" by Pink Floyd five years later).
see more comments

Editor's Picks

The Untold Story Of Fiona Apple's Extraordinary Machine

The Untold Story Of Fiona Apple's Extraordinary MachineSong Writing

Fiona's highly-anticipated third album almost didn't make it. Here's how it finally came together after two years and a leak.

90s Metal

90s MetalFact or Fiction

Test your metal - Priest, Maiden, and Beavis and Butt-head show up in this one.

The Evolution of "Ophelia"

The Evolution of "Ophelia"Song Writing

How four songs portray Shakespeare's character Ophelia.

Jim McCarty of The Yardbirds

Jim McCarty of The YardbirdsSongwriter Interviews

The Yardbirds drummer explains how they created their sound and talks about working with their famous guitarists.

Kim Thayil of Soundgarden

Kim Thayil of SoundgardenSongwriter Interviews

Their frontman (Chris Cornell) started out as their drummer, so Soundgarden takes a linear approach when it comes to songwriting. Kim explains how they do it.

American Hits With Foreign Titles

American Hits With Foreign TitlesSong Writing

What are the biggest US hits with French, Spanish (not "Rico Suave"), Italian, Scottish, Greek, and Japanese titles?