The story of Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer was written in 1939 by Robert L. May, a copywriter for the Chicago-based Montgomery Ward department stores, as a promotional gift for the store's customers. The stores had bought and distributed coloring books every Christmas and saw writing their own story as a way to save money. Montgomery Ward distributed 2.4 million copies of the Rudolph booklet in 1939. A total of 6 million copies had been given out by the end of 1946, even though wartime paper shortages restricted printing.
The story reflects May's own childhood difficulties as the smallest boy in his class. He was taunted for being a frail, scrawny misfit.
The reindeer was almost named Rollo or Reginald. May considered both these named before settling on Rudolph.
Rudolph's story was made into a song when May's brother-in-law, songwriter Johnny Marks, developed the lyrics and melody for it. Marks' musical version was first recorded by Gene Autry in 1949, selling 2 million copies that year.
Autry didn't want anything to do with this song. It was his wife who talked him into recording it, and it went on to become the second biggest-selling Christmas song of all time, next to Bing Crosby's "White Christmas." Crosby also recorded "Rudolph" and landed at #14 on the pop chart in 1950.
Suggestion credit: Jeff - Boston, MA
Autry was known as "The Singing Cowboy." He teamed up with Roy Rogers in the 1930s and '40s to make movies in a new genre called "Musical Westerns." Autry had his own TV show in the 1950s and was the owner of the California Angels baseball team, which later became the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.
Autry, who died in 1998, is the only person with five stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which he earned for motion pictures, radio, music recording, television, and live theater.
This song was the basis for a children's TV Special made in 1964. It was narrated by Burl Ives, and became a Christmas classic.
The Chipmunks did a version that was a hit in Christmastime, 1960, reaching #21 US. The same year, a version by The Melodeers went to #71 and Paul Anka's rendition made #104.
Johnny Marks had the idea for the song jotted down in his songbook for 10 years before developing it. He spoke about the tune's legacy with interviewer Ian Whitcomb: "I thought it was going to be a hit, but a regular hit. I didn't think it was just going to go on forever."
Because Autry's reputation was that of a Western star, he didn't feel suited to sing a Christmas song. Marks, however, was determined to change Autry's mind (even though he'd never met him). He enlisted an unknown singer named Al Cernik to record a demo in the style of Autry and shipped it to the star in California. After a long wait - and some prodding from his wife - Autry agreed to record the tune. As for Al Cernik, he became Guy Mitchell, who had a #1 hit in 1956 with "Singing the Blues."
The song earned Marks millions in royalties but by 1980, he was tired of being chained to Santa's sleigh. "This is not exactly what I hoped to be remembered for," he told People magazine of the enduring classic. "No matter what I write, they always say the same thing: 'It's just not 'Rudolph.'"
The Temptations included this on their 1970 holiday album, The Temptations Christmas Card. The R&B-flavored cover landed on Billboard's Christmas Singles chart twice, at #16 in 1970 and #3 in 1971. This version was used in the 1987 TV special Claymation Christmas, with the group playing the California Raisins.
The Ventures recorded this as a surf rock instrumental for their 1965 Christmas album, borrowing the riff from the Beatles' "I Feel Fine."
Barry from Sauquoit, NyOn December 3rd, 1964 the stop-motion animation special "Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer" debut on the CBS-TV network... Actor/folk singer Burl Ives provided the voice for 'Sam the Snowman'... R.I.P. Mr. Ives (1909 - 1995).
Gerard from Toulouse, FranceIf you haven't heard The Crystals' 1963 version produced by genius-gone-mad Phil Spector, well you haven't heard nothin'! Another mighty treat on the same CD (The Phil Spector Christmas album) is The Ronettes' rendering of Rudolph the red-nosed-reindeer. I've heard it say that every year at Xmas time in The US and the UK, it's one of the top-selling Xmas albums. Just go get it if you haven't got it yet, your kids - or your baby-boom-born, ageing father will love it!
Daniel Celano from Philadelphia, PaI think the Wiggles sang this song on the original 1997 release of their "Wiggly Wiggly Christmas" video and their "Wiggly Wiggly Christmas" album released in 1996.
Lorraine from Dublin,ca, CaI thought a young boy by the name of Jimmy West also recorded Rudolph back in the early 50's. Maybe I'm wrong or old age is catching up with me!! Lorraine, Dublin, CA
Virginia from North Myrtle Beach, ScLove the song. It brings back my childhood days. May Rudolph live forever!
Terri from Phoenix, AzOn a Christmas Mix CD that I own, there's a recording of Dean Martin singing this; he sounds soused. Does anyone know if he was when he recorded it...or did he just always sound soused, whether he was or not?
Frosty from Seattle, WaAccording to the urban legends site (www.snopes.com, Mays considered Rollo and Reginald for the reindeer's name. there is no mention of Rupert.
Chuck from Springfield, MoFlip side of Rudolph was "If it doesn't snow on Christmas.
Cheryl from Hillsboro, Orwhat was on the flip side of the single rudolph the red nose raindeer? i have been told that playing rudolph was a fluke, the hit was supose to be the other side
Jonnie King from St. Louis, Mo"Rudolph" was first offered to Bing Crosby who had scored so well with "White Christmas". He turned it down as being a little too 'juvenile' and not his style. This was one time in his career he made the wrong decision...and later he admitted it. BUT, in reality, Gene Autry REALLY put his own 'stamp' on "Rudolph"...and his version is still the BEST of all !!
Mark from Lancaster, OhSo does Montgomery Ward still own Rudolph?
Teresa from Mechelen, BelgiumThere's also a version from The Crystals on the cd "A Christmas gift for you from Phil Spector", that can be considered as a very original Christmas cd, with a perfect "Wall of Sound"; if you don't have it just buy it.
Claire from Oak Ridge, TnRupert was the only name never considered for the reindeer.
Peter Griffin from Quahog, RiI love rudolph. I mean i love that little huy. i like how he jumps around in his little outfits.
Jude from Thomasville, GaI believe Bill is right, that Gene Autry was one of the songwritets on "Here Comes Santa Claus". His is the best version of good old Rudolph, but I also love Justin Wilson's "Randolph th' Rouge Nosed Reindeer". (Same snng bur with a strong Cajun flavor.)
Mr. Fugu from Springfield, United StatesJohnny Rebel recorded an awesome version of this song. "Leroy the big-lipped..." :)
Rich from Elkins, WvBesides recording RTRNR, I believe Gene Autry wrote a Christmas song of his own.."Here Comes Santa Clause".