Although this is a great chorus song enunciated by all performers with the apparent exception of The Kingston Trio as "With her 'ead tucked underneath her arm" the historical background to the song is anything but humorous.Anne Boleyn
was the second wife of Henry VIII, the much married, and tyrannical, king of England. Henry was born in 1491 and married Catherine of Aragon in 1509; she was some five years older than the new monarch and the widow of his elder brother, Arthur. Henry's first marriage lasted 24 years, but Catherine was unable to give him the son he yearned for to inherit the throne on his death, so Henry took it upon himself to annul the marriage and marry Anne. This second marriage didn't last, and as is clear from the song, Anne was less fortunate than Catherine. In September 1533, she gave birth to a baby girl, Elizabeth, but she also suffered three miscarriages. Her reward for presenting him with a daughter and future Queen of England, and failing to give him a son, was to be accused of high treason, thrown into the Tower of London, given a sham trial, and beheaded in short order while Henry pursued wife number three. Which explains why she is haunting the Bloody Tower and her treacherous husband centuries later, although it was not given this name until the 16th Century.