In 1938 the New Zealand Social Security Act provided a pioneering state medical service. Stimulated by its success the British economist and civil servant William Beveridge published his report proposing a full welfare state for Britain. The post war Labour government took heed of this and in 1948 they created a public funded healthcare system, the National Health Service as part of their new welfare state. The aim of the founders of the NHS was that the state should care for its citizens "from the cradle to the grave."
By 2013 the NHS was employing 371,777 qualified nursing staff and 147,087 doctors. With an ever-expanding elderly population, many fear that without reform it is heading for a financial crisis. Some argue the privatization of the NHS is the answer, whilst others believe an additional taxation to raise funds would resolve the issue. As well as Enter Shikari, the topic is addressed by several other bands such as Maximo Park