The Specials were a British ska revival band who in the late-'70s and early-'80s were at the forefront of the UK 2 Tone movement. This song, which is a track from their self-titled debut album, was written by their guitarist Roddy Radiation about his experiences growing up in a Coventry council house. He told the story of the song in Inside Housing magazine: "I grew up in a coal mining village outside of Coventry called Keresley End. It had one council house street and the rest were pit houses. Families from all over the UK came to work down the pit, and some of these families were pretty rough and ready. This was in the late 1960s, early-'70s when I was in my teens. At that time the skinhead fashion was at its height and most of the pit family lads were skinheads, whereas me and my mates who lived in the council road followed the Rolling Stones, The Kinks and rock music and wore our hair long and dressed like our heroes. So we became their local punch bags.
I couldn't wait to leave! So after a fall out with my father I moved into Coventry central and slept on a mate's settee for several months until me and my girlfriend got a flat in Hillfields by the football ground as it was then. This was where the local immigrant population lived - Caribbean and Indian/Pakistani mostly at that time. We lived there for three years. By this time I'd changed my appearance and become a punk rocker, which made me even more of a target for the local thugs.
My punk band The Wild Boys had split up and I'd moved in with my girlfriend's family with the intention of buying a house and getting married. I worked as a painter and decorator for the council. At that same time a drinking buddy Jerry Dammers asked me to join his band the Automatics, who a year later changed their name to The Specials. I brought one of my songs from the Wild Boys which I'd written about my experiences in the mining village and living in Hillfields, the song I called Concrete Jungle."