Keith said of this song in publicity materials: "I want my kids to go to OU, and I'm tight with some of the people there. Over the holidays somebody asked me if I went there and I said no. They asked what school I went to and I said I graduated from the school of hard knocks. I went to Honkytonk U. It just sounded like a title. I went and wrote a mini bio. It just fell out. I'd written it in my head, so when I picked the guitar up and started playing it sounded like old school Waylon. I thought, man I haven't heard anything close to this in 25 years. I played it for my producer James Stroud and he said let's go get some of the guys that used to record on Waylon's albums and bring them in. So we did."
There was a rumor in the Soviet Union that The Beatles had secretly visited the U.S.S.R. and given a private concert for the children of top Communist party members. They believed the song "Back In The U.S.S.R." was written because of the concert. Actually, some fans still believe so.