The first British singles chart was published in November 1952 by New Musical Express
, coinciding almost exactly with the advent of rock and roll and the crossover of many black artists from what was then known as "race music" to a white, predominantly teenage audience. So, it was not surprising that a black artist should soon top the UK chart. The first black artist to do so was not Chuck Berry, however, who had to wait until 1972 with his "My Ding-a-Ling
," but a musician from an entirely different genre.
The instrumentalist Winifred Atwell (1914-83) was a classically trained pianist who ventured into boogie woogie and other popular music. "Let's Have Another Party," which reached #1 on December 4, 1954, held the top spot for five weeks.