was written by British writer Rudyard Kipling in 1895 and first appeared in print in his 1910 collection of short stories and poems, Rewards and Fairies
. Kipling modeled his ideal on the character of the British colonial statesman Dr Jameson. In 1896 he led the Jameson Raid in South Africa in support of the non-Boer colonists there, in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the government. Despite his failure, the British press considered Jameson to be a hero in the midst of a disaster. If was voted the nation's favorite poem in a 1995 poll of BBC listeners. Some consider it to be the world's most successful poem, having been translated into 27 languages.