Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, historian, and critic of Soviet totalitarianism. In 1962, with the approval of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, he published his first novel, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
, which depicted Stalinist repressions. Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature eight years later "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature."
Solzhenitsyn's three-volume history of the Soviet Union's forced labor camp system, The Gulag Archipelago
, outraged the Soviet authorities. After his exile from the Soviet Union, Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia in 1994, where he remained until his death in 2008. Here are two other musical links to the Russian writer.
1. Scottish folk-rock singer Al Stewart's 1973 song "Roads To Moscow
" tells the story of the German invasion of Russia during World War II from the perspective of a Russian soldier. Solzhenitsyn is one of Stewart's heroes and he's suggested at concerts that the song is about the dissident writer, who served in the Red Army artillery during the war.
2. Bernie Taupin has a long-standing affinity for the phrase "candle in the wind." In an interview with Mojo
magazine, he explained that Russian author Alexander Solzhenitsyn had written a play with that title in 1960 and that record industry executive Clive Davis had used the expression to describe Janis Joplin. Taupin "just kept hearing" the phrase in his head and he thought it was a fitting way to describe someone's life, so he used it as the title for Elton John's tribute to Marilyn Monroe (and later Diana, Princess of Wales), "Candle In The Wind