In 1953, James "Sugar Boy" Crawford recorded an R&B song for Chess Records with his group The Cane Cutters entitled "Jock-a-Mo." Given that Crawford's song is based on similar New Orleans celebratory ritual sources, including traditional songs from Mardi Gras parades, its closeness to the Dixie Cups' tune is striking. In fact, Crawford sued the Dixie Cups for ownership of the material, eventually settling for a percentage of performance royalties in 1967. The legal battle was a curious one, given that both recordings essentially culled variations on popular folk materials, and effectively, "Iko Iko" and "Jock-a-mo" appear almost interchangeably in recordings by later artists. (Dr. John
, for instance, has performed and recorded the song under both titles, singing variant verses but always using the same "Jock-a-mo fee-na-nay" chorus.