Yorke explained on Radiohead's online blog Dead Air Space that this is a "bass menace that was born out of the [2006 solo album] The Eraser period, but needed a little more time."
Radiohead's longtime collaborator Nigel Godrich produced this track.
The song's music video, which was directed by media artist and experimental filmmaker Raymond Salvatore Harmon, utilizes imagery by quasi-anonymous graffiti artist Banksy superimposed over various time lapse shots of London city life.
The song "Sadeness" by Enigma (the one with the chanting monks), got its name from the French novelist Marquis de Sade, who believed sex had to be painful in order to be pleasurable - thus the word "sadism."
"The Night Chicago Died" was written and recorded by the British group Paper Lace. They talk about Al Capone in the song, but got a lot of details wrong - understandable since they wrote it based on gangster movies.