There are 9 million certified divers in America. This device (trade name Aqua-Lung) lets them breathe under water; SCUBA is an acronym for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus.
Recreational diving- (0-35 meters): The gas in the aqua-lung is compressed tightly. When a diver inhales in a full breath of air, it is equal to two full breaths at the surface, hence if you held your breath at 10 meters and quickly surfaced you would likely pop.
Technical Diving - (deeper than 35 meters):This definition is derived from the fact that breathing regular (A mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of) air while experiencing pressures greater than those at 120 feet or deeper causes a progressively increasing amount of impairment due to (Confused or stuporous state caused by high levels of dissolved nitrogen in the blood) nitrogen narcosis. This increases the level of risk and training required. This is a fairly conservative definition of technical diving.
Technical dives may alternatively be defined as dives with durations long enough to require mandatory decompression stops, which may optionally be performed using enriched (A nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust) oxygen breathing gas mixtures such as nitrox or pure oxygen. This definition is derived from the fact that metabolically inert gases, such as (A common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues) nitrogen and (A very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)) helium, in the diver's breathing gas are absorbed into body tissues when breathed under high pressure. These dissolved gases must be allowed to release gradually from body (A soft thin (usually translucent) paper) tissues to prevent (Pain resulting from rapid change in pressure) decompression sickness or the bends. This form of diving implies a much larger reliance on redundancy and training since it is no longer physiologically safe to make a direct ascent to the surface in the case of any problems underwater.
Technical dives may also be defined as being to depths requiring the use of hypoxic breathing gas mixtures such as trimix, heliox, and heliair. This definition is derived from the fact that breathing a mixture with the same oxygen concentration as is found in (A mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of) air (roughly 21%) at depths greater than 180 feet / 55 meters results in a very rapidly increasing risk of severe symptoms of oxygen toxicity. These symptoms can include visual and auditory hallucinations, loss of muscle control, full body seizures, and loss of consciousness.
Technical dives are often referred to dives with a ceiling prohibiting a direct ascent to the surface, it can either be a mandatory stop (decompression obligation) or a physical ceiling (diving under ice, inside a wreck or a cave).
Technical divers may also use various forms of less common diving equipment to accomplish their goals. Typically technical dives involve significantly longer durations than average recreational scuba dives. Technical divers therefore increase their supply of available breathing gas by either connecting multiple high capacity diving cylinders and/or by using a rebreather. The technical diver may also carry additional cylinders, known as stage bottles, to ensure adequate breathing gas supply for decompression with a reserve for bail out in case of failure of their primary breathing gas.
Jennie Franks from ColoradoThis is all wrong - I was married to Ian Anderson and I wrote the lyrics. Unfortunately it seems I am being edged out of my credit.
James from TulsaOne of many of the greatest songs written and recorded. Did anyone ever see Ian Anderson play with a major orchestra in the late 1960s or very early 1970s? I remember this and my mom recorded it on a cassette player.
Joe from 49417Mindy from Ny says: "Aqualung is the first song written about a pedophile." "Thank Heaven For Little Girls"? (1957) "Young Girl"? (1968)
Mindy from NyAqualung is the first song written about a pedophile.
Ladyyarrito1947 from Toledo,ohioJust now listened to the entire lp...yes...lp. Why are they not in rock hall of fame? Saw them live back in the day! Brought the house down!!!
Lynnster71 from CanadaSongwriting used to be deep, thoughtful, clever, and poetic. It's remarkably comforting to have a peek into the writing and composition processes the writers engaged in when creating these timeless masterpieces -- and know that their messages have resonated purely ... And themes have been accurately reflected through performances down through the decades.
Brian from Omaha Nebraska UsaI always thought the lyrics were, "When they iced the clings onto your beard it was screaming agony", implying that a group of vigilantes had accosted Aqualung, held him down and sprayed or misted water onto his beard causing it to freeze and thus the agony as punishment for his acts of pedophilia.
Havok211 from Vancouver, Wa“Sitting on a park bench, I don’t know the words except park bench” Jack Donaghy
Dan from New YorkI always thought that one line in the song says spitting out pieces of his broken luck. The second time this is sung its sounds like he is singing spitting out pieces of his broken lung
Alexander Gordon from Dallas TexasVery good source since the age has come up on what was that era all about and the recent Birthday of Jimmy Page in his 70s while Martin Barres performance live over the years on Utube has provided a glimpse of even as old as it gets its still as best as it became long-term icon solo work with Aqualung.
Ray Tylicki from Lake ErieCould aqualung really be a veteran as in a homeless British navy vet. The line you old salt and aqualung as a nickname may imply that he was a navy seal.
Greg from AzThe lyrics in the song that say, "eyeing little girls with bad intent." For all these years, I thought the lyrics said, "Five Little Girls with Battered Heads...'Stings'" Boy was I wrong.
Jason from CanadaI always though the song was about a pedophile dying of pneumonia. The first lyric sure makes it sound like it.
Peter from Davenport, FlSo the lyric is "eyeing little girls with bad intent." For the longest time I thought it was "eyeing little girls with padded tits"!
Mike from Carrollton, TxAppreciate all the comments, but I think you all have to agree the guitar solo is one of the best ever!
L from Calgary, AbDrowning in our own sorrow but listen it is about our beliefs of Jesus. Would we know him if he asked for a dime? Crossed eyed Mary is the mother. It is a social commentary about humanity and our beliefs.
Jimi from Manchester, Ctaqualung to me, has always been a concept album about the fall of god...who aqualung represents, an old unwanted man, dieing alone abandoned and the world he finds himself in. each song a different snapshot of this basic concept, of how we live in a throw-away world, abandoning those things we don't have time for or interest in. picture the one in this song in this light, and it changes the feel of the album IMHO.
Gregory from Brooklyn, Ny"Feeling alone, the Army's up the road, salvation a la mode and a cup of tea." Could these lyrics mean that the homeless pedophile is heading to the Salvation Army to warm up and get a cup of tea in the December's foggy freeze, since he has nowhere else to go?
Deethewriter from Saint Petersburg, Russia FederationTaken from Original Rolling Stone Review By Ben Gerson [July 22, 1971]: "Aqualung is the album's lead character, and is so named for his rheumy cough. Side one consists of a series of seedy vignettes drawn from modern secular English life, while the printed lyrics are cast in Gothic lettering to emphasize the album's liturgical basis. The title song depicts the beggar in all his shabbiness and lechery. "Aqualung" is actually three songs; as the different moods of the narrator unfold, the music changes accordingly. The initial melodic statement sung in a harsh, surly voice is ugly and plodding; it then shades into something milder and more sympathetic, then into something which rocks a little more."
Jim from Maumelle, ArI find it odd that Ian Anderson being know for his extensive use of the flute in rock music. Something he has done very well for these many years. Yet the original arrangement of Aqualung (Tull's must famous song) has no flute part in it. Later arrangements do as can be see in footage from the 2007 tour. But any way you look at it Tull is the best band that ever was, is or will be. But this of course is just my humble opinion.
Andy from London, United KingdomDear dear Mike, Franklin, Oman, I just love it that we still have these little secrets. You still don't know what bollocks are or why we snigger when you talk about fannies do you?
I have enjoyed reading all these comments. It is a great song, but has probably become a millstone around the necks of the band who have had to perform it at every gig for 40 years now.
Ian Anderson has also had to deny it was a concept album for 40 years, claiming it was just a bunch of songs, some of which were about god, but this did lead to them producing the mother of all concept albums, Thick as a Brick, and a year later A Passion Play, which to me are still their greatest work.
I was interested to catch up with what Jenny Franks is doing now, the revelation that she appeared in the tv comedy Sorry has completely fazed me.
Life's a Long Song etc...
Ta ta for now...
Chuck from South Deerfield, Ma, MaSo many great comments here. One of my alltime favs, a great spinning song as you can do so much with it. Saw him do this in concert back in 95, and it was still excellent. Great memories of this from high school. I learned a lot from many of your notes, thanks for sharing.
Rocco from New York City, NyJust a thought, and if you see my comments on "You know how bad girls get" fromt The Police's "Don't Stand So Close To Me", I also see an ambiguity in the line from Aqualung that goes "eyeing little girls with bad intent". Does Aqualung have bad intent as he watches little girls? Or does he watch girls who have bad intent, like cross-eyed Mary? Just wondering.
Scott from Russell, Nysadly so sadly my dad thought this was a song about a bong. THIS SONG WAS FROM HIS GENERATION!!!!!!!!!!!!! i'm 17 and i didn't believe it. i had to check here.
Ryan from Anahola, HiThis song was on an episode of King of the Hill.
Phred from Northern California, CaI understand that "bog" is British slang for "toilet", but one other interpretation of the lyric that flashed through my mind is that I believe that peat bogs generate heat through decomposition, much like compost piles or dumpsters do, and therefore if there is an actual bog around, a bum might literally go there to warm his feet.
Mike from Franklin, OmanHey there Ed from Canton. If you never found out, a "dog end" is British slang for a cigarette butt. A good friend of mine is from the UK and when I asked him this same question, he looked at me like I was crazy for not knowing what it was. Brits.. And they wonder why we revolted!
Crackerjacklee from Toronto, Onlet us view life as a stage... and we are but the actors... each with his bit... the great unwashed as witnessed by the elite. not only do they suffer physically degradation, but are perceived by all to be immoral also.
he experiences life internally like the rest of us in Plato's Cave the regrets of old age and the persistent dog of loneliness; exposed to the elements, weathered, unclean and physically wrecked; claiming our refuse as his treasures and using our toilets for his meagre comfort.
the Sally Ann is his only life's anchor yet he cannot avoid his social condition even there
suddenly, another appears who accepts him without repulsion and seems to know him well he reassures him. who could this be? who is your only friend when you depart to where no friends can go? this winter was harsh and it took him down; he is dying... it is December - the Christmas Tide... see the irony of life in a hospital room - the pumping apparatus by the bed is the only sound - pumping air into his broken lungs
as for the rest of us - the passing parade; spring returns... and life goes on as it always will and no matter our present condition, we will go as he did - and take nothing with us but our experience.
if i died tonight, what would i think of my life in the morning? how did i play my part? did i do my bit?
Quinn from Smallsville, Vtidiots
Mike from Punta Gorda , Flthe line " goes down to the bog to warm his feet" when the homeless in england's feet would freeze they would urinate on the to keep them warm, thats what that line means
Roppichan from Duisburg, GermanyIt is strange for me to read all of this messages. The missus of Ian and the maybe meanings of this song. As a bloody german I have no clue. But can it be, that this is a piece of art and that we all have our own connections and feelings about it. Whatever you say friends, for me it is something which followed me my entire life. As a young boy I was rocking and dancing to it. Now, no spliff or alc is needed and I still love it. You English have Wilde, Byron, Shakespeare, and so many more. Jethro Tull is just another piece of your beautiful culture. email@example.com
Peter from Omaha, NeAqualung my friend don't start away uneasy you poor old sod, you see, it's only me.
I believe this is Death talking to the wanderer. He is his friend and guide for the sick old man who is feeling sick and alone here at the time of his death, the Reaper figure easing his way to the Other Side. No more agonizing Decembers and bitter winters to endure. A few last rattling breaths and it's over.
Steve Turner from St Louis, MoJenny Anderson wrote all the lyrics to this song. That is why she still gets royalties to this song. Incidentally, she remarried and is living in the US.
Jas from Clifton, TxJethro Tull never really got the critical acclaim they really deserved. True, they weren't exactly singing to the mainstream, but still, a lot of their songs were honest observations about life that anyone could listen to and enjoy without having to overanalyze it (eh Jena?). I have always enjoyed this song, though I was probably 12 before I could understand what the lyrics actually were. Good music is good music, whether you can understand the words or not.
Barry from Greenville, NcHey, Ed in Canton, OH. I remember reading in a GUITARWORLD magazine tablature of the AQUALUNG that a "dog end" is British slang for a discarded cigarette butt.
Ed from Canton, Ohwhat? no comments about picking a dog-end? I hope this is a metaphor for something else and not literal. anyone from the isles care to enlighten me?
Jena from Leavenworth, KsA song about a guy who's already dead:
"Do you still remember December's foggy freeze [The frost that kills him] when the ice that clings on to your beard was screaming agony. [frostbite] And you snatch your rattling last breaths with deep-sea-diver sounds, [he's dying] and the flowers bloom like madness in the spring" [buried in the ground that "pushes up daisies" the next season; also an analogy of life & the fact that even after death, new life continues to flourish]
Another thought: "you poor old sod, you see it's onl me" -- could mean the singer speaking to the "poor old sod" (either "Aqualung" or "the listener" as a third party w/ some connection to Aqualung), OR, to himself (You poor old sod [As in, his own dead self] OR [the listener], you see it's [the character in the song/Aqualung is] only me.
Jack from Co9hasset, MaFor the record, I agree with Tim that the point of the song is to see how society views a poor soul like this. We should all take a walk in Aqualung's shoes for a day.
Andy from Rockaway , NyI am a 4decade fan of Tull. saw them recently at Jones Beach, and was dissapointed. Ian just hit the High/Lows of there music anymore. May be time to retire and count fish. Sorry Andy from Rockaway.
Heather from Los Angeles, CaI don't think he's blind. He's just afraid of people.
Tim from Davis, CaI agree that the fast part is from the point of view of the type of person who hates homeless because he assumes they are all pedophiles and they bring down property values. All he has to do is glance at some little girls playing and it becomes "eyeing little girls with bad intent." Then the slow part is a friend or someone who is charitable toward Aqualung. Also, do you think Aqualung may be blind or have very poor eyesight? i think the line "don't you start away uneasy ... it's only me" suggests that he hears someone coming and shuffles away, and needs to be reasurred that it is someone friendly.
John from This City, AustraliaKeep up the good work.AsI love you.
Chattypancake from Saigon, OtherTheir music is great, but regarding Ian Anderson, I came across this on Metal Sludge: "I've interviewed him twice and he is a total ***hole. He thinks he's so much better than everyone else back in the day. I'll give credit where its due talentwise but as a human being this guy is a complete total creep."
Heather from Los Angeles, CaThat's a very interesting comment from Jeff in Quincy. I had always wondered about the harder part and the softer part of the song and what it meant. That seems to make sense that the harder part is society talking and the softer is Aqualung himself. Actually, I think the softer part is a guy who gives Aqualung money (or helps him out in some way from time to time). I get that from the verse, "you poor old sod you see it's only me." It sounds like one person trying to soothe another. Also the comment about what a "bog" means (slang for bathroom)is interesting. I'd always thought it literally meant he went down to a bog (like a swamp) and stuck his feet in.
Stephen from Erie, PaMy friend and I spoke about it-the meaning, I mean. We believe that Aqualung could also refer to him having pneumonia. That is interesting what one poster said about "going to the bog to warm his feet," and I would have to agree that is probably what the band meant for that. Cheers, mates and chums!
Ricardo from Mexico City, MexicoThe best Jethro Tull song
Spog Zallagi from Blue Hill, MeA very weird sounding song. It's one of those songs you listen to over and over because it's very weird sounding. I actually don't know how to describe this song. All that I know is that this song and "Locomotive Breath" are my favorite Tull songs. I think the lyrics are very well done and seem very disturbing. Not dark but disturbing.
Paul from Muskegon, MiNathan, what are you smoking.
Chris from Meridian, IdRandom Useless Fact: The Aqualung was invented by Jacques Cousteu.
Nathan from Bruges, BelgiumIt's strange that Jethro Tull is not that famous as Led Zeppelin.I think Tull is even better.
Jena from Bonner Springs, KsI love this song, but it sounds eerily like the description of a child molestor...."eyeing little girls with bad intent"..."watching as the frilly panties run". Creepy!!
Brandon from Peoria, IlAbout going to the bog and warming his feet...it is a common practice for homeless people in the dead of winter to go to a public toilet (bog) and urinate on their feet to keep from getting frostbite on their toes..."he goes down to the bog and warms his feet." Jethro Tull also got in (minor) trouble for using the word Aqualung (especially likening it to "deep sea diver sounds"), which is a copywrited name.
Mike from Salinas, CaAnd you snatch your rattling last breaths.
rattling last breath has long been associated with the sound your throat makes before dying. It is a sound of a rattle. I heard this rattle with my father, and my grandmother.
James from Edinburgh, ScotlandI don't think that Aqualung's a paedophile; in "Cross-Eyed Mary" and "Aqualung", Aqualung seems to be looking at what he's missed with contempt for the system that let him slip through the 'safety net1 of life. Over-analysis, I know...
Tyler from Niagara Falls, Nyyou can realize hes a pedophile when it says "eyeing little girls with bad intent"
Edward from Durham,nc, Ncthis song is actully about a bum who is also a petifile if you listen to the line "watching the frilly panties run" youll relize that
Phil from Niagara Falls, CanadaThis song is so good! Poor Aqualung -__-
Anonymous from Corpus Christi, TxAqualung is one of the most beautifully sad songs I have ever heard. The song reminds me of a displaced war veteran who has a bad attitude toward society as implied by the tone in the first stanza. The second stanza informs the listener of the terrible condition the man is in. The third stanza shows the horror of the man's past haunting his present state and god or his former self assuring him and making him aware of why he is as he is because of where he has been, at war. The listener can then understand where his miserable state comes from and the system that placed him there. Anonymous C.C.,TX
Jared from Rochester, NyActually, Jimmy Page was trying to crack up guitarist Martin Barre while he was recording the solo for Aqualung; he was pounding on the recording booth window, making faces and jumping up and down. Barre forged ahead and completed his work without letting Page distract him.
Charles from Bronxville, NyOf interesting note- When the Aqualung album was first released, the song name as printed was: Aqualung (Jennie Anderson) Indicating sole authorship Then when it was released on the Greatest Hits it was listed thusly: Aqualung (Anderson/Anderson) Now we see them sharing authorship. Perhaps things are not going well in the Anderson home?
And finally when release on DVD: Aqualung (Ian Anderson) Post divorce. I suppose he got it in the settlement. IMHO- A Seminal Rock album. Incredible imaginative unique songwriting and superb musicianship. As close to a romanticized middle ages rock as you'll find. A TRUE orgininal!
Dave from Cardiff, WalesThis song is reputed to have been the all-time favourite of the late Owen Hart (the WWF wrestler). This is a terrific song, but 1969's "Living In The Past" was Tull's finest moment
Tom from The Far Corners Of The GlobeWith regard to the first comment from Barry of New York, that incident occured during the recording of Minstrel in the Gallery not Aqualung.
Barry from New York, NcAccording to Martin Barre, while he was recording his guitar solo, Jimmy Page waved to him. Either Martin could wave back or smile. "I just smiled at him" he recalled. This took place in December 1970 when Led Zeppelin was recording their masterpiece "Stairway To Heaven."
Jeff from Quincy, CaThe song is about how society views the homeless. If one listens to the "harder" parts that is society speaking, the "slower" parts is the homeless man himself. The term "aqualung" refers to TB from which this manis dying from.
Dan from Atlanta, GaHere are the true facts about the origin and meaning of the song as quoted by Ian.
"'Aqualung': It's about a rather pathetic character, someone socially degraded. There's something marvellous about that situation. I would like to see the concept of God put into that situation." * Ian Anderson in Disc and Music Echo, 20th March 1971.
The title song portrays an old and homeless, asthmatic man, who wanders the streets in a big city. Ian drew his inspiration from a project his first wife Jennie was working on. See: http://www.cupofwonder.com/aqua4.html ). She had been photographing homeless people, living their harsh lives in the streets of London near Thames river. From an interview with Ian in 'Guitar World' magazine, November 1996:
Dave from Marieta, GaAqualung was also a "perv" - "sitting on a park bench, eyeing little girls with bad intent..."
Michael from Brisbane (seoul), Korea - SouthAs a hard core Tull fan i wonder if some of the people who post comments listen to the words of a song or just hear what they want to.(that goes for a lot of songs on this sight) Ian Anderson's likeness appears on alot of their albums covers, songs from the wood, heavy horses, broadsword & the beast, stand up. To Josef your right they should never have got the award for best metal album, they should have got it for being the greatest and nicest people in music. It was an honor to meet and share the stage with them.
Bob from Cincinnati, OhI never gave the lyrics that much thought being a guitarist. Martin Barre's solo in this song got my attention.
Nickc from Ft. Wayne, InThe aqualung theme of the song refers to the sounds made by scuba divers' breathing units (aqualungs) when they're diving ("deep sea diver sounds"). Among other characteristics, the mythical homeless man of this song has some form of consumption, and chokes on his own breath because of all the gunk in his lungs.
Dave from Baltimore, Mai always thought the name aqualung sort of refered to anderson's amazing lung capacity, i dunno if any of you have ever tried to play the flute, but it requires obscene amounts of air because a very small portion of the air you exhale actually enters the instrument and makes the sound. not that ian's mere ability to play demonstrates lung capacity, but if you notice he takes breaths very infrequently.
Charlie from Thomaston, Cthow dare you make fun of Ian anderson josef.
James from Bransgore, EnglandOh, wait they don't, I thought you said toilet. No, we call a toilet a bog, never heard anyone call a pub a bog before.
James from Bransgore, EnglandTo Kent, yeah I know, I never really thought of that though. Silly me!
Josef from Corpus Christi, TxI always laughed at this song because it was so despicably sad, and way out of this world. I even used to mock Ian Anderson as he used to sing it live. Aaaaa KwWAAAA lung Myy yy yyy Freei eneed... He sounded and looked like alot of the transients I see on the streets each day...I can't believe they beat Metallica out on the best metal record that one year. Ian Anderson is now making more money as a Salmon Farmer... Thank goodness.
Rachel from Castleford, EnglandAqualung is the reflection of a tramp as he looks through his life when he's taking his "rattling last breath" He see's the soup kitchen, foraging for cigarettes and the freezing cold he's had to endure. Just a thought!
John from Durham, Englandthe bog is a toilet, public toilet in this case
Kent from Boise, IdDear James, Many Brits refer to a bar as "the bog."
Ali from Syracuse , NyCool song...
James from Bransgore, United StatesI think maybe that line "And you snatch your rattling last breaths" is the guy drowning. It says he goes down to the bog, which is a watery swamp, and I reckon he falls in and drowns. That's what I gathered anyway.
Charlie from Thomaston, Dci don't think the lines December's foggy freeze when the ice that clings on to your beard is screaming agony. And you snatch your rattling last breaths" is about asthma, my theory is that aqualung was involved in a science experiment gone awry in which they tried to make a man breath underwater and when they failed they abondend and forgot about him and so he became a begger, who forgot his past life. notice the line you forget to talk about(stef) "last breaths WITH DEEP SEE DIVER SOUNDS" thus i think that he was involved in a long lost forgotten experiment. i posted this as a song fact which i doubt will ever be posted.
Stef from Oshawa , CanadaThe song Aqualung was written by Ian Anderson's wife, Jennie.
The line "the army's up the rode salvation Ã la mode and a cup of tea."
Refers to the Salvation Army, who used to give beggars and bums tea and coffee in the winter to warm up.
The line "December's foggy freeze when the ice that clings on to your beard is screaming agony. And you snatch your rattling last breaths"
Refers to the beggars asthma, due to the foggy freeze of December.
Ken from Hartland, MiI don't actually think Ian was upset over the likeness of Aqualung. I have always heard that he felt the was so much of him in the songs, that it would be only logical that the character would resemble him. Other examples of this can be found on the cover of Broadsword and the Beatie and the comic on the inside of Too Old To Rock N Roll jacket. Also, contrary to common misconception, Ian has always claimed that Aqualung was not a concept album, rather just "a collection of songs."
The TV show Cheers was nearly canceled after its first season, but the theme song, "Where Everybody Knows Your Name," was very popular. To satisfy viewer demand, the theme was made into a full song and released as a single.