The tune used in most church services today is only one of a number of variations played over the carol's 300-year history. The current tune used most commonly in Canada and the United Kingdom uses the music "Winchester Old", originally from Este's psalter, the Whole Book of Psalmes
, from 1592 but arranged by William Henry Monk sometime before 1874. It only became widely popular as the base for the carol after the 1861 publication of the Church of England's Hymns Ancient and Modern
. Before that the tune "Cranbrook" by Canterbury shoe-maker Thomas Clark – better known as "On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at
"– was the preferred version across much of the country. That version is still sung in some Yorkshire pubs.