Like many folk songs originating in the 1800s, the origins of "Waltzing Matilda" are murky. According to the Australian historian Roger Clarke
, who culled the Australian National Library for information, the song was written in 1985, with lyrics by a poet named Banjo Paterson and music by a musician named Christina Macpherson.
Paterson was not a Swagman, but was traveling with fiancee in Queensland, and came across Macpherson when they stopped in Dagworth Station for a stay. Paterson heard the term "Waltzing Matilda" during his stay, and when he came across a water hole on the grounds, he made up the story.